Week 9 – Who Owns the Commons?

800 years ago the Magna Carta was drafted. This gave limitations of the King of England, in which we have adopted in our own Declaration of Independence. The Magna Carta gave the commons the ability to have a say in their lives. People claim that the Magna Carta was the first time that the reign of the people rose against the reign of the powerful. Part of the Magna carta gave power to the people of the woods. This means that the commons have the right to their woods., their land. On the contrary the US used that to their advantage which took power away of the people of the woods in American, the indigenous people. The regime of the commons go against the norms of today. Today a person has to have a job, work for their employer to make them a profit so they can get compensated to provide for their family. The commons actually have another way of thinking, one that lacks the oppression for a greater power to force this idea on to the people. The commons provide for themselves and make a more reliable social community, one that does not rely on the corporations to provide for them. The change away for the lives of commons have been a century after century fight. Peter Linebaugh would carve today’s Magna Carta will incorporate the top 1% change their ways of living. This will be something as a process and will not be en rooted right away.

The commons are an essential part of the people and the economy and once we have empowered them, while reduced the powers of the rich is when the lives of the people will change for the better. The commons are the real representation of the people of the country. The commons have to be put back into their rightful place and that is their power instead of the current distribution of power which ties in with money.


Week 8 – Noam Chomsky: Democracy Is a Threat to Any Power System

Noam Chomsky is a professor of Philosophy at M.I.T.  and a worldly known intellect. He speaks much into about the people against the power and how this began. Chomsky speaks how throughout the history of the economy from the time of the Depression, the labor forces have continued to defend themselves from the big corporations by fighting for their rights. As time went by over the course of long fought years the labor unions enacted laws to protect themselves but corporations have always pressured those issues. He states that in the 1970’s the big corporation regulations were dismantled by the companies themselves. The laws intact to protect the good of the people were changed after those times. Propaganda is one way used to sway people’s opinion or convince otherwise. The wealthy can use communications to persuade the majority of the people that a rule is beneficial to them, while the rich are actually benefiting. He states that Democracy is a threat to any democracy system. Also Chomsky gave a pretty great statistic, that 70% of the population are disenfranchised with the voting system. Most of the people that vote are the rich white males just like the time in the 1800’s. The numbers of voters are declining and the demographic of people in that group mostly have socialist beliefs. Chomsky goes on the record to say that hand picked congressmen are funded by the rich to support the wealthy’s beliefs. This type of government, our current Democracy, is being spread throughout the world. Complications with other types of government can be escalated when referring to Russia. Also it will not take much to set off a nuclear warfare, and with the ability in today’s technology the nuclear power this is unavoidable.

I feel that Democracy is an obvious threat to the Power system because it spreads the power among many. The is a clear reason why the few in power would oppose these ideas. The wealthy will use anything in their power to control the information spread among the people so they can have a(n) (false) impression on the majority. I do believe the part of the problem is that the common people do not know there is a problem.

Week 8 – Matt Taibbi: World’s Largest Banks Admit to Massive Global Financial Crimes

The video begins with a report of some of the biggest banks: Citibank, JP Morgan Chase, Barclays and Royal Bank of Scotland pleading guilty to misusing their power to manipulating the price of currencies and interest rates. The “companies” pleaded guilty for these crimes. But no person was charged with these crimes just the company. This means that no person goes the jail and the company takes the fall. A big time trader texted in chat saying “If you ain’t cheating you ain’t trying.” This was happening in the Forex (Foreign Exchange) markets which is the biggest of market and actually the least regulated. Presidential Candidate Bernie Sanders came out to say that he wants to make an effort break up the big banks. He wants to put the individuals and corporations on notice that the pressure is on. Unfortunately, as we know he did become the president. The people of Democracy Now! released a quote saying the banks are still too big to fail because “The top six bank companies are considerably larger than before….Banks can still use taxpayer-backed insured deposits to engage in high-risk derivative transactions.” Since, Dodd-Frank the banks have gotten bigger and bigger from mergers and acquisitions, which make them harder to oversee. The worse part is that the top executives are not going to be the ones who pay for the wrongdoing, the shareholders are the ones that will be hurting.

In sustainable practices, this is not a sustainable measure. The fact that these banks are so enormous make it more difficult. Given the magnitude of their power, they should be more monitored not less. I believe that the government should be more aggressive in trying to find the wrongdoers and make examples out of them. It should make the companies feel obligated to do the right thing and encourage the people to increase their ethical standard. The standard of ethics are not common with everyone as they should be. I believe that the company’s executives have a big role in their practices. The message they spread for more morale will trickle down to the first employee. The ethics play a large role in this because they are in charge of people’s money, the markets and exchanges of goods which effect the economies of the entire world.

Week 6 – RIP! A Remix Manifesto

This video begins explaining the new generation of a culture manifesto. They include the first step, culture builds on the past. Copyright was originally made to encourage creativity, but the government and corporations have control to turn those down. They try to control the distributions of music because programs like Napster got in between the profits pf the big corporations. Step two, the powers of past will try to control the industry in the future. The technology made it easier to allow continued new areas of music to develop such as the remix. The corporations complained about copyright infringements. Copyright laws changed to allow the authors the keep their copyright for more than 70 years and corporations over 90 years. Disney was one corporation that pushed this to keep their ideas protected. Step three, our future is becoming less free. The continued copyright laws do not allow the freedom to have continued artistic freedom. The media used its power to take over the media outlets to show its power. This does not give the people proper freedom. Today’s artists are struggling with making music and other forms of art without the worry of getting sued. Step four is to build free societies, you must limit the control of the past.

This development of a new society can allow the further innovations in art and push the current norms to new levels. To lead the artistic movement to in a sustainable form is by breaking loose of the constraints that the big corporations have control over now. Art should be let loose to give the people opportunities to showcase their abilities and the only way to get this done is by uprooting the social norms out of the grasp of big corporations. This video gave me a new insight on what is happening the world that is so close us, in music, and the disabilities the laws give to newer and different developments in art/music provided by the people. In this day in age, the platform for music should be an even playing field.

Week 4 – Janine Benyus at the Circular Economy 100 Annual Summit

Janine Benyus begins the video to state that world we live is already a sustainable world without the interference of us in nature. She compared the King Fisher Bird to a train. There are much similarities with them both in the sculpturing of itself because the can induce less drawback during movement more efficiently. An issue with manufacturing is the added waste that gets produced when making this products. New technology is introduced to the world such as 3-D printing and this is something that have materials put into it to manufacture the products in a more efficient way regarding waste. The printing industry is coming up and the movement is something we should join and be apart of. This is something that will be less labor intensive and quicker to produce. She goes into stated that we can take one material,  it will add function and performance if we add structure to it. Having material with more functions instead of less functions and more material. 3-D printing is great because the materials do not need to be warehoused. This will also lessen the supply chain thus more efficient and less possible waste.

Chemistry, in regards to our life, do not make matter form through heating and melting. This is a harmful way to produce. Benyus continues to reinstate that we need to be apart of this movement. I see this as an opportunity to be essentially apart of the forefathers in sculpting the future in the world of manufacturing. The forefathers lay the foundation for what will be followed into the future. If we join this movement, with all the knowledge we have know, we can provide the 3D-printing revolution to be done in the right manner. If we can mimic the biology of the life around us we can print objects light, strong and biodegradable by making material with multiple layers and functions.

This was a great read because it does not down talk to use and development of technology but encourages to collaborate with the development process that will produce positives in our future lives. I believe that acceptance of technology will allow us to lay the foundations of the future.